Best shoes for people with diabetes in 2022, according to podiatrists – Forbes Health

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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that more than 37 million American adults have diabetes, a chronic disease that affects the body’s ability to turn food into energy. Diabetes prevents the body from creating enough insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar, or prevents the body from using insulin properly. This lack of insulin or lack of cell response can create an increase in the amount of sugar in the blood, which can lead to serious diseases like kidney disease, vision loss, and heart disease.

Diabetes can appear in several forms: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children, adolescents and young adults and is suspected to be the cause of an autoimmune disease which prevents the body from producing insulin. Symptoms tend to develop quickly and include frequent urination, feeling thirsty, feeling hungry even after eating, excessive fatigue, blurred vision, slow-healing cuts and/or bruises, loss of involuntary heaviness and tingling, pain or numbness in the hands and feet. .

There is currently no preventive treatment for this type of diabetes, and those who have it must take insulin every day.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and occurs when the body cannot use insulin properly or regulate blood sugar levels effectively. This form is commonly diagnosed in adults and can develop over several years, sometimes due to a number of lifestyle and genetic factors.

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes can be difficult to detect and may go unnoticed for years. However, risk factors can help determine a person’s likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes and make them aware of potential symptoms. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include:

  • Being diagnosed with prediabetes
  • Being obese or overweight recommended by your health care provider
  • Be at least 45 years old
  • Having a family history of type 2 diabetes, especially in a parent or sibling
  • Being physically active less than three times a week
  • A history of gestational diabetes from a previous pregnancy
  • Giving birth to a baby who weighed more than 9 pounds
  • Be of African American, Hispanic or Latino, Native American, Alaska Native, Pacific Islander, and/or Asian American descent
  • Have non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Type 2 diabetes can be treated by managing certain lifestyle habits, such as diet, exercise, and stress management, sometimes in conjunction with insulin injections or oral medications prescribed by a healthcare provider. health. There is no cure for type 2 diabetes, but it can be managed over time. Although more research is needed, some studies suggest the condition can be reversed with dietary restrictions.

Gestational Diabetes occurs during pregnancy in a pregnant person who does not already have diabetes. This condition occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes has no symptoms and, like type 2 diabetes, a person’s medical and family history can help determine the level of risk.

Gestational diabetes usually resolves on its own after the pregnant person delivers. During pregnancy, the condition can be managed by checking blood sugar regularly, eating a balanced diet, staying active, and monitoring the health of the baby. However, gestational diabetes can increase the likelihood that a person will one day develop type 2 diabetes. About 50% of women with gestational diabetes go on to develop type 2 diabetes, according to the CDC. A person can reduce their risk of gestational diabetes by making lifestyle changes, such as maintaining a healthy weight before pregnancy and exercising regularly.

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